Speech and language pathologists provide a wide range of services that begin with an initial screening for communication and swallowing disorders and continue with assessment, diagnosis, intervention and treatment and other follow up services for the following:
- Cognitive aspects of communication (e.g., attention, memory, problem solving, executive functions).
- Speech (i.e., phonation, articulation, fluency, resonance, and voice including aeromechanical components of respiration).
- Language (i.e., phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatic/social aspects of communication) including comprehension, expression in oral, written, graphic and manual modalities; language processing, pre-literacy and language-based literacy skill, phonological awareness.
- Swallowing or other upper aerodigestive functions such as infant feeding and aeromechanical events (evaluation of esophageal function is for the purpose of referral to medical professionals).
- Sensory awareness related to communication.