Types of Cancer When you hear the word “cancer,” you may think of some of the more common types of cancer, such as breast cancer or prostate cancer, But because cancer can occur in the cells in virtually any bone, tissue or organ throughout the body, there are many types of the disease. In addition, a cancer that begins in one part of the body may spread (metastasize) into other parts of the body. Other types of cancers, like leukemia, affect the blood and spread to other tissues as blood is pumped throughout the body. The most common cancer among all adults in the U.S. are colon cancer (or colorectal) and lung cancer. Other frequently diagnosed cancers include: Bladder Cancer Bone Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Cancer (Colon and Rectal Cancers) Esophageal Cancer Gastric Cancer Head and Neck Cancer Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Multiple Myeloma Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer Prostate Cancer Renal Cancer Skin Cancer Testicular Cancer Thyroid Cancer Uterine Cancer If you wonder if you’re at risk for cancer, please talk with your provider about being tested or take advantage of cancer screening events in your community.