What is Hematology?

Blood is a vital part of a healthy body, functioning as a transporter for the oxygen which nourishes and powers our bodies as well as for the waste that is moved to our lungs, kidneys and digestive system to be expelled. Formed in the body’s bone marrow through a process called hematopoiesis, blood cells are key to defending against infections and other foreign contaminants in our body, forms clots to prevent blood loss and even regulates our body’s ability to heat and cool itself.

Just like any other part of the human body, blood can suffer from diseases, disorders and/or malignancies. Some of the most common are anemia (a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells), sickle cell anemia (production of abnormal hemoglobin resulting in malformed red blood cells), leukemia (cancer of the cells that create white blood cells) and hemophilia (deficiency of clotting factors).

Hematology is the study, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of these types of disorders.